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One step forward, two steps back: worker representation …

Details: The author reviews the evidence of what makes worker representation in health and safety effective and suggests that, far from abandoning approaches to legislative reform, the U.K. agencies should be seeking to make improvements to the British provisions if they are to provide the necessary stimulus and support for worker representation in

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Social disparities in health: disproportionate toxicity …

Details: This study employs latent trajectory models measuring the level of toxic waste over a decade in the cities of six highly populated, ethnically diverse, counties in southern California from 1990 to 2000 in 3001 tracts. We find that tracts with 15% more Latinos are exposed to …

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Physical Activity and Sports—Real Health Benefits: A …

Details: Health effects of physical activity in many cases follow a dose–response relationship; dose of physical activity is in proportion to the effect on health [59,60]. Figure 2 depicts the relationship between risk of death and level of physical activity, in a Finnish twin cohort, adjusted for smoking, occupational group, and alcohol consumption

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Quality of life and associated characteristics: application …

Details: This study aimed to identify the characteristics associated to quality of life (QOL) in users of four Basic Health Units (Unidades Básicas de Saúde, UBS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 930 adult users enrolled in the selected UBS, using a questionnaire con …

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Vitamin D in Musculoskeletal Health and Beyond

Details: Vitamin D in Musculoskeletal Health and Beyond. Vitamin D in Musculoskeletal Health and Beyond Calcif Tissue Int. 2020 Jan;106(1):1-2. doi: 10.1007/s00223-019-00650-w. Author Terry J Aspray 1 2 3 Affiliations 1 NIHR Newcastle Biomedical Research Centre, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL, UK. [email protected]

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How to get serious answers to the serious question: "How …

Details: The classical endpoints of discrete health-related functions and duration of survival are increasingly perceived as unacceptably reductionistic. The major problem in 'felicitometrics' is the measurement of the 'quality' term in QALYs. That the mental, physical and social domains, each containing many dimensions and items, all contribute to QOL

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Innovative Work Behavior of Middle School Faculty and …

Details: The median IWB score was 41 (range 0-84) for faculty and staff participants. An increase in number of years worked in the K-12 environment was associated with less IWB related to student mental health. School nurses who explore IWB by faculty and staff may find opportunities to collaborate and improve student health outcomes.

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The prediction of health-related behaviour in elementary …

Details: The amount of stress experiences (measured by the Youth Self-Report) is associated to health-risky behaviours for the total sample and for the gender subgroups, while the other predictor variables show inconsistent relations for different subgroups. The significance of the results for health-promotion during early developmental stages is discussed.

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Cultural Competence in the Care of Muslim Patients and …

Details: All health practitioners should be able to provide culturally competent care. When providing care to Muslim patients, it is important to understand the impact the Islamic faith has on the provision of healthcare. Healthcare professionals need to be aware of privacy and touch issues, dietary practices, and unacceptable medicines.

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Challenges and Facilitators of Health Literacy in Patients with …

Details: Results: Obstacles and challenges of health literacy in participants were categorized in four themes inclu-ding irresponsibility, social apathy, perceptual and cognitive problems, and inappropriate distribution of the resources. In addition, possible strategies to promote health literacy were presented in the form of 68 strategies.

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An overview of health forecasting

Details: Health forecasting is a dynamic process and requires frequent updates. This can be done with novel techniques and data, taking into consideration the principles of health forecasting. The methodologies currently used involve time series analyses with smoothing or moving average models, and less probabilistic forecasting models like QRM, which

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Socioeconomic differences in service use, payment and receipt of

Details: Background: Terminal illness presents a financial challenge to many households, but in Britain the situation should be eased by state benefits, such as attendance allowance, which is available to everyone in the last six months of life without means testing. Aim: To investigate the use of health and social services, payments and benefit receipt by individuals in differing financial

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Water fluoridation in Ireland

Details: The basis for the constitutional challenge to the Health (Fluoridation of Water Supplies) Act 1960 in the Republic of Ireland and the judgements of the High Court and Supreme Court are described. Pre-fluoridation baseline surveys and various surveys conducted over the last 30 years in the Republic o …

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A piecewise-constant Markov model and the effects of study …

Details: Multi-state models are frequently applied to describe transitions over time between three states: healthy, not healthy and death. The three-state model can be used to estimate life expectancies in health and ill health. In this article, continuous-time Markov models are specified for …

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One Health: From Concept to Practice

Details: One Health (OH) is an approach, focusing on emergent infectious diseases, which looks at health in the context of human, animal and environment relationships. Governments worldwide through the International Ministerial Conferences on Avian and Pandemic Influenza (IMCAPI) meetings have made a commitment to OH.

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Racial Disparities in Intimate Partner Violence and in Seeking Help

Details: Applying Aday and Andersen's health services utilization model, this examination of racial disparities in women's experience of intimate partner violence also looked at racial disparities in mental disorders and in use of mental health professionals' help. We conducted a secondary data analysis of 6 …

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Summarising evidence on effective health promotion

Details: A key assumption underpinning this project is that health promotion interventions found to be effective in the general population are, if appropriately adapted, likely to also prove effective in ethnic minority populations. We therefore began our work by seeking evidence-based recommendations for health promotion interventions found to be effective in the general …

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Gut microbial metabolites in health and disease

Details: Increasingly, however, research is revealing the critical role played by microbial metabolism in the gut in influencing health outcomes. We know that the collective biochemical abilities of the gut microbiota are many times greater than those of the human host; furthermore, since most microbial metabolites can diffuse readily and be taken up by

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The COVID-19 pandemic and the health of people who use illicit …

Details: Introduction. In the United States (U.S.) there were over 100,000 reported overdose fatalities in the 12-month period ending April 2021, and there are no signs that the overdose crisis is letting up ().Coinciding with the worst year yet for overdose mortality in the history of the U.S. opioid overdose crisis (), the COVID-19 pandemic has been an ongoing …

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The mental health of young people: the view from primary care

Details: Children and young people’s (CYP) mental health services are the ‘Cinderella of the Cinderella services’ by being chronically underfunded and undervalued. Fifty per cent of mental illness begins prior to the age of 14 years and 75% by the age of 24 years. 1, 2 Although effective treatments are available, less than one-half of those who

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Poor oral health and risk of incident myocardial infarction: A

Details: Oral health was determined during a clinical dental examination at entry into the cohort in 1973/74. Individuals were followed through linkage with the Swedish National Patient Register, Cause of Death Register and Emigration Register. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for total, non-fatal and

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New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute Clinical …

Details: Expert committees: AI clinical guidelines are developed by committees of expert New York State clinicians. Committee members collaborate to survey and evaluate peer-reviewed literature, write and assess clinical recommendations, and update existing guidelines or create new guidelines as necessary to ensure that recommendations reflect current best practices.

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Oral health knowledge, attitudes and care practices of people with

Details: Overall, people with diabetes have limited oral health knowledge and poor oral health behaviours. It is therefore essential to educate patients about their increased risk for oral health problems, motivate them for good oral health …

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Strategies for optimising musculoskeletal health in the 21st century

Details: However, few direct links between fruit and vegetable intake and improved musculoskeletal health have been shown but one three year follow-up study of nearly 400 adults showed that diets high in potassium (from fruit and vegetable intake) reduced the amount of muscle loss in adults > 65 years [ 46 ].

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Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and …

Details: Disparities and the added burden of race. Racial disparities in health in the U.S. are large and pervasive. For most of the 15 leading causes of death including heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, kidney disease, hypertension, liver cirrhosis and homicide, African Americans (or blacks) have higher death rates than whites (Kung et al. 2008).These elevated death rates …

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Health Information System's Responses to COVID-19 Pandemic in …

Details: Health care workers experienced increased amount of work during the pandemic, while hospital information departments did not experience significant changes in their workload. Conclusion: In the process of fighting against the COVID-19, hospitals have widely used traditional and emerging novel HITs. These technologies have strengthened the

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Basic issues concerning health-related quality of life

Details: Health-Related Quality of Life. In the past, quality of life referred to ‘having a good life’ and deriving ‘satisfaction from life’. Today, by contrast, quality of life is defined as a statistical index based on multiple parameters – economic, health- related, and environmental related to an individual’s or group’s life conditions.

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Assessment of Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Hospitalization and

Details: All patients within the system's integrated health record who were tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 between March 1, 2020, and April 8, 2020, were identified and followed up through May 13, 2020. Data were analyzed in June 2020. Among 11 547 patients tested, outcomes were compared by race and ethnicity and examined

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Spiritual Care Education and Rural Systems in Swan River

Details: The provision of spiritual care, and the training of spiritual care providers, must be embedded within the larger systems (economic, social, generational, and environmental) and communities within which clients reside. This study analyzes the results of …

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Effects of Health Belief Model-Based Education on Health Beliefs …

Details: Health motivation is defined as the willingness to actually engage in a behavior to maintain and improve health. Confidence/self-efficacy is the engagement and self-reliance that one must practice to obtain results. In our study, health motivation and the perception of confidence/self-efficacy gradually increased. Nonetheless, no significantly

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The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Students’ Mental …

Details: The percentage of students who were diagnosed with COVID-19 was only 1.0%, however 37.3% of students knew someone who died from COVID-19. Nearly one-third of students reported that their mental health worsened since COVID-19 as they felt more anxiety 22.2%, depression 25.4%, stress 17.9%, and uncertainty 9.5%.

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Working together in Aboriginal health: a framework to guide …

Details: Methods. This qualitative study was based in a social constructionist epistemology and was guided by a critical social research methodology. Two methods were employed: interviews with Aboriginal health workers and allied health professionals about their experiences of working together in Aboriginal health, and an auto-ethnography conducted by the …

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Health and health-care systems in southeast Asia: diversity and

Details: Health systems in the region face more serious adjustment problems than ever before.51 Health services have become an important industry, with a mix of public and private non-profit and for-profit actors, along with the growth of trade and medical tourism. The provision, financing, and regulatory functions of the public sector have to adapt

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Health Impacts of Wildfires

Details: Health effects of wildfires are wide ranging, and may result directly from both the thermal effects and smoke. Further health implications include: psychological reactions to an extreme event, physical concerns such as trauma during evacuation, and pressures on local resources, from increased demand on health services and inability of patients

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Impact of a New York City Supportive Housing Program on …

Details: In addition to the health care benefits, we believe that consistent and stable supportive housing creates a setting where families can maintain routines and activities, develop family identities, and achieve physical and mental well‐being. This evaluation had several limitations. First, we were not able to track housing events outside of NYC

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Health promotion in pregnancy: the role of the midwife

Details: Health promotion is of particular importance to midwives who promote health rather than manage disease and ill health. Although the midwife has always had a role in public health, there is now an explicit need for the profession to direct its attention to teenage pregnancy, smoking cessation, drug awareness and domestic violence.

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Evaluation of the impact of a mobile health system on adherence …

Details: a) The ChildCount + platform . The first step in the study design was the selection of an appropriate platform for the APAS software. The APAS is a component of the ChildCount + (CC+) platform, which is based on the RapidSMS framework, utilizing the Django web framework and programmed in the Python language [].The CC+ framework allows for registration of …

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