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Social disparities in health: disproportionate toxicity …

Details: This study employs latent trajectory models measuring the level of toxic waste over a decade in the cities of six highly populated, ethnically diverse, counties in southern California from 1990 to 2000 in 3001 tracts. We find that tracts with 15% more Latinos are exposed to …

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Chronic health conditions and school experience in …

Details: 6 Arabkir Medical Center-Institute of Child and Adolescent Health, Yerevan, Armenia. 7 School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland. 8 Physical Activity for Health Research Cluster, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland.

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Challenges and Facilitators of Health Literacy in Patients …

Details: Results: Obstacles and challenges of health literacy in participants were categorized in four themes inclu-ding irresponsibility, social apathy, perceptual and cognitive problems, and inappropriate distribution of the resources. In addition, possible strategies to promote health literacy were presented in the form of 68 strategies.

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Acceptance and accessibility to the early phase COVID-19 …

Details: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a serious emerging disease and an extreme threat to human life. This study aimed to understand the perceptions of hill tribe people living in the border areas of Thailand-Myanmar and health workers regarding the acceptability and accessibility of the COVID-19 vaccine and health workers' perceptions of the readiness to …

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One step forward, two steps back: worker representation …

Details: The author reviews the evidence of what makes worker representation in health and safety effective and suggests that, far from abandoning approaches to legislative reform, the U.K. agencies should be seeking to make improvements to the British provisions if they are to provide the necessary stimulus and support for worker representation in

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Linking quality of healthcare and health-related quality of …

Details: Objective: To assess the association between quality of care and health-related quality of life among type 2 diabetes patients. Design: A cross-sectional study assessing the association between quality of care and quality of life using multiple linear regression analysis. Setting: Family medicine clinics (FMC) (n = 39) of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) in Mexico City.

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Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome …

Details: Affiliations 1 Department for Continuing Education, University of Oxford, UK. Electronic address: [email protected] 2 Centre for Evidence Based Medicine, Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK.; 3 Department for Continuing Education, University of Oxford, UK.; 4 Departments of Medicine, Microbiology, Immunology & Infectious …

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Quality of life and associated characteristics: application of …

Details: This study aimed to identify the characteristics associated to quality of life (QOL) in users of four Basic Health Units (Unidades Básicas de Saúde, UBS) in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 930 adult users enrolled in the selected UBS, using a questionnaire con …

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Associations between low literacy and health status …

Details: Arthritis researchers have thoroughly documented a powerful relationship between years of education and health outcomes, but they have not documented the role of literacy. The authors examined the associations between literacy and arthritis health status measures. Participants were recruited from so …

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The prediction of health-related behaviour in elementary …

Details: The amount of stress experiences (measured by the Youth Self-Report) is associated to health-risky behaviours for the total sample and for the gender subgroups, while the other predictor variables show inconsistent relations for different subgroups. The significance of the results for health-promotion during early developmental stages is discussed.

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Innovative Work Behavior of Middle School Faculty and Staff …

Details: The median IWB score was 41 (range 0-84) for faculty and staff participants. An increase in number of years worked in the K-12 environment was associated with less IWB related to student mental health. School nurses who explore IWB by faculty and staff may find opportunities to collaborate and improve student health outcomes.

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Emergency department utilization and determinants of use by 0

Details: The model also indicated that those children with disabilities who were reported as being in poor physical health had 11.359 times (95% CI=2.968-43.469) the likelihood of using emergency care than those whose physical health was in excellent condition. The study suggests that in order to maximize the health of children with disabilities

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Vitamin D in Musculoskeletal Health and Beyond

Details: Vitamin D in Musculoskeletal Health and Beyond. Vitamin D in Musculoskeletal Health and Beyond Calcif Tissue Int. 2020 Jan;106(1):1-2. doi: 10.1007/s00223-019-00650-w. Author Terry J Aspray 1 2 3 Affiliations 1 NIHR Newcastle Biomedical Research Centre, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL, UK. [email protected]

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"Our mothers do not tell us": a qualitative study of adolescent girls

Details: Adolescent girls in low- and middle-income countries continue to face poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH). In Nepal, early marriage and motherhood, gender-based violence, and unmet need for contraception remain pervasive. Adolescent girls in rural areas bear a disproportionate burden of poor r …

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Health benefits of fermented foods

Details: In the past, the beneficial effects of fermented foods on health were unknown, and so people primarily used fermentation to preserve foods, enhance shelf life, and improve flavour. Fermented foods became an important part of the diet in many cultures, and over time fermentation has been associated w …

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Incidence and neutralizing antibody seroprevalence of influenza B …

Details: Affiliations 1 Center of Scientific Excellence for Influenza Virus, Environmental Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt.; 2 Institute of Molecular Virology and Cell Biology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Riems, Germany.; 3 Department of Botany and Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, …

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How to get serious answers to the serious question: "How have …

Details: The classical endpoints of discrete health-related functions and duration of survival are increasingly perceived as unacceptably reductionistic. The major problem in 'felicitometrics' is the measurement of the 'quality' term in QALYs. That the mental, physical and social domains, each containing many dimensions and items, all contribute to QOL

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Fentanyl preference among people who use opioids in New York …

Details: Background: Several studies have pointed to a sub-sample of people who use drugs (PWUD) who prefer the use of non-pharmaceutical fentanyl (NPF) and, as such, pose a unique challenge for public health initiatives amidst the continued rise in overdose mortality. However, matters of drug preference and autonomy of choice remain under-studied and often misunderstood.

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Towards an Ideology-Free, Truly Mechanistic Health Psychology

Details: Efficient transfer of concepts and mechanistic insights from the cognitive to the health sciences and back requires a clear, objective description of the problem that this transfer ought to solve. Unfortunately, however, the actual descriptions are commonly penetrated with, and sometimes even motiva …

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Caregiving tasks and training interest of family caregivers of

Details: Objective: This study assessed the caregiving activities and training interests of family caregivers of medically ill older adults without dementia who receive home health care. Methods: Participants were 101 family caregivers of patients from the Training in the Assessment of Depression (TRIAD) study. Caregivers were assessed using a sociodemographic …

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Nuclear accumulation of prohibitin 1 in osteoarthritic …

Details: Objective: To decipher the molecular mechanisms down-regulating PITX1 expression in primary osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: The functional activity of different PITX1 promoter regions was assessed by luciferase reporter assay. Tandem mass spectrometry coupled to protein sequencing was performed using nuclear extracts prepared from OA chondrocytes, in order to identify …

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Tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischemic stroke: a New …

Details: Nationally, only 2-3% of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) currently receive tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). To better understand the reasons, we investigated the practice patterns, level of familiarity and acceptance of TPA for AIS among emergency physicians in New York City (NYC). Fift …

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National priorities partnership focus on eliminating overuse

Details: As one of several initiatives to transform health care delivery across the United States, the National Priorities Partnership has identified "eliminating overuse while ensuring the delivery of appropriate care" as a top priority. Cardiac revascularization procedures, including coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary

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Correlation of general and oral health-related quality of life in

Details: Purpose: The aim of the study was to collect information about the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) after combined orthodontic and maxillofacial surgical treatment as well as its influence on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Materials and methods: The study includes data from a total of 130 subjects, 65 of whom (21 male, 44 female, mean age at baseline: 24 …

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How sensitive are cost-effectiveness analyses to choice of …

Details: Conclusions from cost-effectiveness analyses are sensitive to choice of distribution and, in particular, to how the upper tail of the cost distribution beyond the observed data is modeled. How well a distribution fits the data is an insufficient guide to …

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Socioeconomic differences in service use, payment and receipt of

Details: Background: Terminal illness presents a financial challenge to many households, but in Britain the situation should be eased by state benefits, such as attendance allowance, which is available to everyone in the last six months of life without means testing. Aim: To investigate the use of health and social services, payments and benefit receipt by individuals in differing financial

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Health Information System's Responses to COVID-19 Pandemic in …

Details: Health care workers experienced increased amount of work during the pandemic, while hospital information departments did not experience significant changes in their workload. Conclusion: In the process of fighting against the COVID-19, hospitals have widely used traditional and emerging novel HITs. These technologies have strengthened the

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Dentistry and Interoperability

Details: Information has become the vital commodity of exchange in recent decades. Medicine is no exception; the importance of patient information in the digital form has been recognized by organizations and health care facilities. Almost all patient information, including medical history, radiographs, and f …

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A piecewise-constant Markov model and the effects of study …

Details: Multi-state models are frequently applied to describe transitions over time between three states: healthy, not healthy and death. The three-state model can be used to estimate life expectancies in health and ill health. In this article, continuous-time Markov models are specified for …

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[Characterization of patients who died of invasive pneumococcal …

Details: Introduction: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae), also known as pneumococcus, is one of the main bacteria associated with mortality in children under 2 years of age, with a morbidity and mortality incidence that varies according to demographics and exposure to risk, or protective factors. Objective: To describe the child mortality due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) …

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Assessment of Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Hospitalization and

Details: All patients within the system's integrated health record who were tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 between March 1, 2020, and April 8, 2020, were identified and followed up through May 13, 2020. Data were analyzed in June 2020. Among 11 547 patients tested, outcomes were compared by race and ethnicity and examined

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Racial Disparities in Intimate Partner Violence and in Seeking Help

Details: Applying Aday and Andersen's health services utilization model, this examination of racial disparities in women's experience of intimate partner violence also looked at racial disparities in mental disorders and in use of mental health professionals' help. We conducted a secondary data analysis of 6 …

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Evaluation of sexual orientation and gender identity …

Details: Rationale: National organizations have called for routine collection of data on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) in clinical settings to track access to and quality of care provided to sexual and gender minority patients to improve health outcomes. However, there are limited data on this implementation for among adolescent populations.

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'I'd rather you didn't come': The impact of stigma on exercising …

Details: Epilepsy is a common but hidden disorder, leading to stigma in everyday life. Despite stigma being widely researched, little is known about the impact of stigma for people with epilepsy within a sports and exercise setting. Using constructionist grounded theory, we …

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Impacts of globalization in health

Details: Introduction: Globalization is the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. Globalization describes the interplay of macro-social forces across cultures. The purpose of this study is a systematic review of the bibliography on the impacts of globalization in health.

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Spiritual Care Education and Rural Systems in Swan River

Details: The provision of spiritual care, and the training of spiritual care providers, must be embedded within the larger systems (economic, social, generational, and environmental) and communities within which clients reside. This study analyzes the results of …

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Industrialization and health

Details: Throughout history and prehistory trade and economic growth have always entailed serious population health challenges. The post-war orthodoxies of demographic and epidemiological transition theory and the Washington consensus have each encouraged the view that industrialization necessarily changes all this and that modern forms of rapid economic growth …

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